Mango Varieties & Availability

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Mangos come in all shapes and sizes!

Throughout the year, you'll most likely find at least one of the six varieties of mango described below. Each variety has a unique flavor and texture, so try different types of mangos at different stages of ripeness and at different times of the year. You'll be glad you did!

Mango Varieties

TOMMY ATKINS

Aroma: Small hints of tropical fruit and citrus
Flavor: Tart with sweet notes
Texture: Firm flesh due to fibers throughout
Color: A dark red blush often covers much of the fruit with green and orange-yellow accents
Shape: Medium to large with oval or oblong shape
External Ripeness Indicators: This mango may not provide any visual cues. Squeeze gently to judge ripeness.
Peak Availability: March to July
Primary Source Country: Mexico, Brazil, Ecuador, Guatemala

ATAULFO/HONEY

Aroma: Tropical fruit and peachy notes
Flavor: Sweet and sour with tropical fruit notes
Texture: Smooth, firm flesh with no fibers
Color: Vibrant yellow
Shape: Small, flattened oblong shape
External Ripeness Indicators: Skin turns to a deep golden color and small wrinkles appear when fully ripe. Squeeze gently to judge ripeness.
Peak Availability: March to July
Primary Source Country: Mexico, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil

KENT

Aroma: Peach and tropical fruit
Flavor: Sweet with hints of sour notes
Texture: Juicy, tender flesh with limited fibers
Color: Dark green and often has a dark red blush over a small portion of the mango
Shape: Large oval shape
External Ripeness Indicators: Yellow undertones or dots cover more of the mango as it ripens. Squeeze gently to judge ripeness.
Peak Availability: January, February and December
Primary Source Country: Mexico, Peru, Ecuador

KEITT

Aroma: High in citrus notes
Flavor: Sweet and fruity
Texture: Firm, juicy flesh with limited fibers
Color: Dark to medium green, sometimes with a pink blush over a small portion of the mango
Shape: Large oval shape
External Ripeness Indicators: Skin stays green even when ripe. Squeeze gently to judge ripeness.
Peak Availability: March to April, August and September
Primary Source Countries: Mexico, Ecuador, Brazil, United States

FRANCIS

Aroma: Peach and tropical fruit
Flavor: Sweet and fruity
Texture: Soft, juicy flesh with fibers
Color: Bright yellow skin with green overtones
Shape: Oblong and sigmoid S-shape
External Ripeness Indicators: Green overtones diminish, and the yellow becomes more golden as the mango ripens. Squeeze gently to judge ripeness.
Peak Availability: May to June
Primary Source Country: Haiti, Ecuador

HADEN

Aroma: Tropical fruit with high peach notes
Flavor: Sweet and sour with a slight bitter after taste of tropical fruit
Texture: Firm flesh due to fine fibers
Color: Bright red with green and yellow overtones and small white dots
Shape: Medium to large with an oval to round shape
External Ripeness Indicators: Green areas of the mango turn to yellow as it ripens. Squeeze gently to judge ripeness.
Peak Availability: March to May
Primary Source Country: Mexico, Ecuador, Peru

Availability By Variety

Availability By Country

Additional types of mangos

Although the six varieties of mangos mentioned above represent the most commonly available mango varieties in the U.S. market, there are others that you can find as well. With hundreds of varieties, the possibilities are endless!

Alphonso: This Indian variety is a mild tasting mango with firm flesh that can range in skin color from purple to yellow and is oblong in shape.

Edward: This fiber-free, sweet, tangy-flavored mango can range in color from pink to yellow and is round or oblong in shape.

Kesar: This Indian variety is a fiber-free, sweet mango that can vary in color from green to yellow with a round shape.

Manila: This fiber-free, sweet mango can range in color from orange to yellow to pink and has a narrow shape.

Palmer: This mild flavored, firm-fleshed mango ranges from purple to red to yellow and is oblong in shape.

Mango Production In The Us

Mangos have been grown in the U.S. for a little more than a century, but commercial, large-scale production here is limited. Because mangos need a tropical climate to flourish, only Florida, California, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico grow mangos. Varieties that are unique to Hawaii include Rapoza, Haden and Pirie. Varieties grown in Florida include Haden, Carrie, Glenn, Valencia Pride Florida’s mango season lasts from May through October, depending on the variety, but summer is the “peak” season.

Many mango varieties have been cultivated in South Florida, as part of a seedling program initiated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and spearheaded by David Fairchild, founder of USDA’s Section of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduction. The program focused on introducing mango varieties to the region, with the goal of producing mangos that could be exported.

Today, many of the popular varieties of mango grown around the world were derived from this program in Florida, including the Tommy Atkins, Haden, Keitt, and Kent. In fact, the Haden was a seedling of the Mulgoba, a seedling brought to Florida by the USDA from India during the late 1800s.

Fairchild Tropical Gardens, named after David Fairchild, continues to cultivate mango varieties and work with mango growers all over the world. Fairchild is known for its annual International Mango Festival, which draws thousands of mango lovers each year to its Miami-area location in a celebration of all things mango. For more information on David Fairchild, and the Fairchild Tropical Gardens, visit fairchildgarden.org.

PLU

PLU CODEDESCRIPTIONSIZESVARIETIES INCLUDED
3488Red Mango, XL7 and largerTommy, Haden, Kent, Palmer and any other red mangos
4959Red Mango, Large8 to 10Tommy, Haden, Kent, Palmer and any other red mangos
4051Red Mango, Small12 and smallerTommy, Haden, Kent, Palmer and any other red mangos
3114Green Mango, XL7 and largerKeitt and any other green mangos
4584Green Mango, Large8 to 10Keitt and any other green mangos
4311Green Mango, Small12 and smallerKeitt and any other green mangos
4961Yellow Mango, Large16 and largerAtaulfo, Manila, Oro and any other yellow mangos
4312Yellow Mango, Small18 and smallerAtaulfo, Manila, Oro and any other yellow mangos
3621FrancisAll sizesFrancis
4313, 4314, 4315, 4316Retailer Assigned Codes*PLU codes for organic manges are the same as those listed above, withthe addition of a leading "9"